Reality TV

Even with Roe vs. Wade, Texas limits abortion access for poor women

The patient slid onto the examination table as the doctor ran through her standard list of questions.

Most recent period? Any previous abortions? Medication or surgery? Any complications?

An assistant readied an ultrasound wand as the patient lifted her shirt. She wasn’t worried whether she was pregnant — she had already figured that out with four home tests.

What she and the doctor needed to know was how many weeks.

The Future of Abortion

This is one in a series of occasional stories about the state of abortion as Roe vs. Wade faces its most serious challenge.

If the U.S. Supreme Court eliminates the constitutional right to abortion by overturning Roe vs. Wade — as it is widely expected to do in coming weeks — Texas and at least 25 other conservative states are likely to ban most abortions.

But already in Texas, low-income Latinas, who have long made up the vast majority of patients at Whole Woman’s Health of McAllen, the only abortion clinic for hundreds of miles along the border, face major obstacles when it comes to ending unwanted pregnancies.

Krystal gets an ultrasound from a medical assistant, left, to confirm her six-week pregnancy while Dr. Blair Cushing, background, watches.

(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

Last year, Texas enacted the strictest abortion law in the country. With no exception for rape or incest, the so-called heartbeat law effectively bans the procedure after fetal cardiac activity is detected, usually at about six weeks, before many women even realize they’re pregnant.

Wearing a “Reproductive Freedom Fighter” T-shirt, Dr. Blair Cushing eyed the ultrasound monitor, which was positioned so her 26-year-old patient could also watch.

Krystal — one of several women who asked to be identified by their first name for this story — worried that she had come to the clinic too late, that she would have to seek treatment out of state or buy abortion medication in Mexico.

“Where am I going to go?” she wondered.

If the ultrasound showed fetal cardiac activity, it would be too late for Krystal to legally get an abortion in Texas.

The Rio Grande Valley is home to 1.3 million people, 90% of them Latino. A third of the population lives in poverty, and because Texas opted out of Medicaid expansion, many don’t have access to healthcare.

The patients at Whole Woman’s Health of McAllen, 10 miles north of Mexico, are typical of those seeking abortions nationwide: low-income women of color.

The clinic operated under a different name for more than three decades until 2004, when it became part of Whole Woman’s Health. The network of independent clinics succeeded in persuading the Supreme Court to throw out some of Texas’ abortion restrictions in 2016 but failed in its more recent challenge of the “heartbeat law.”

The McAllen clinic has struggled to find local doctors willing to perform abortions.

Cushing flies in from Central California twice a month for three days at a time. On the first day, she performs ultrasounds. Those who qualify usually get their abortions on the second or third day.

A female doctor uses a marker on a whiteboard.

Dr. Blair Cushing tracks patient procedures on a hallway whiteboard at Whole Woman’s Health of McAllen. Cushing, who has a medical practice in Central California, flies to McAllen, Texas, twice a month for three days at a time.

(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

She said that since the latest Texas law took effect, she has had to turn away about 40% of the women seeking abortions.

The new law has sown enormous confusion among her patients. Some call or arrive at the clinic unsure whether abortion is still legal in Texas or whether having an abortion would put their lives at risk.

It’s a striking contrast to Cushing’s practice in Central California. There she also serves a largely poor Latino population, but private insurance and Medi-Cal are required to cover the procedure.

“I don’t have patients who say, ‘Am I going to die?’” she said. “But I do in Texas.”

Cushing knows that for women seeking abortions in the Rio Grande Valley, the McAllen clinic isn’t necessarily the first place they turn.

A female doctor, seated left, consults with a woman before she has a medication abortion.

Dr. Blair Cushing, left, consults with Claire, 23, who will have a medication abortion at Whole Woman’s Health of McAllen in Texas. Claire requested to be identified by her first name.

(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

“We’re poor in this area, so a lot of us don’t think, what’s the safest way to do it?” explained a 24-year-old named Lucía who works for a teaching certification program in nearby Edinburg. “Not having insurance, you’re scared you’re going to have to pay too much.”

When she recently became pregnant despite having an intrauterine device, Lucía considered crossing the border to buy abortion medication in Mexico.

The drug misoprostol is sold over the counter there and can legally be brought back to the United States. Prices ranged from $20 to $150 at pharmacies in the border city of Nuevo Progreso late last month. It is effective if used correctly, but pharmacies often provide inaccurate instructions that not only fail to induce an abortion, but can cause bleeding and other complications.

 Workers retrieve abortion medication at a pharmacy in Nuevo Progreso, Mexico.

Workers retrieve abortion medication in the pharmacy at El Disco Super Center in Nuevo Progreso, Mexico, on April 30. The abortion medication misoprostol is available in Mexico without a prescription and can be brought back across the U.S. border legally.

(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

“Jump up and down to expel the embryo,” said one pharmacy clerk.

Lucía said that one of her sisters bled excessively last year after taking abortion pills she bought in Mexico. That experience — plus worries about how her IUD could complicate things — ultimately convinced Lucía that the clinic in McAllen was her safest option.

An ultrasound with Cushing late last month showed she was five weeks pregnant.

The clinic could remove her IUD for $50, then provide a medication abortion for $700, which would be covered by the nonprofit National Abortion Federation.

Lucía sobbed as she explained that she would be having an abortion the next day — before the legal window closed. It all felt so rushed.

“If I had a little more time, I wouldn’t be crying right now,” she said.

A woman sitting in a medical clinic wipes tears from her eyes with a tissue.

Lucía, 24, who asked to be identified by her first name, cries at the McAllen clinic as she discusses how recent Texas restrictions left little time for her to decide whether to have an abortion.

(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

Another patient named Claire explained that she once sold her plasma and pawned her PlayStation and saxophone to pay for an abortion at the clinic.

That was in 2019, after she said she was raped at a party. She was eight weeks pregnant at the time, and it dawned on her that she would have been unable to get an abortion if the new Texas law had been in place.

“It would have been too late and I would have had to go on out of state,” she said.

Now, at 23, she was back at the clinic — five weeks and six days pregnant, according to her ultrasound.

Claire scheduled an abortion for the next day. It would cost a good chunk of the roughly $1,400 she earns each month as a substitute teacher and part-time health tech.

But she was mostly just glad she caught her pregnancy in time.

“I know there’s some people who don’t even get symptoms right away,” she said. “So you know they might be too late.

“And if they’re anything like me, either financially or emotionally, they don’t have the support. It’s hard,” she said. “It’s just more pressure. I feel like it’s just taking away more of women’s rights, their autonomy.”

A busy street with crowds of people in Nuevo Progreso, Mexico.

On weekends, crowds of border crossers from Texas fill the streets of Nuevo Progreso, Mexico. Many come to buy lower-cost medications, including the abortion medication misoprostol.

(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

More than a decade ago, Diana Greene Foster, a demographer at UC San Francisco, set out to learn how access to abortion affects the finances of women who turn to abortion clinics like the one in McAllen.

With the help of 30 clinics in 21 states, including the one in McAllen, she interviewed a thousand women who had sought abortions. Some had been able to terminate their pregnancies.

Others had been turned away because they failed to meet state guidelines.

Comparing the two groups years later, Greene Foster found stark differences.

Among those denied abortions, 72% fell further below the federal poverty line — compared with 55% of those who got the procedure. Those unable to obtain abortions were also more likely to declare bankruptcy and get evicted.

“The economic outcomes are different for a long time,” she said.

The findings left her fearing for the future of low-income women in a nation where abortion is only available in select states.

The Future of Abortion

One in an occasional series of stories about the state of abortion as Roe vs. Wade faces its most serious challenge.

It is unclear how low-income women would cope with the fall of Roe vs. Wade. Their experience at the McAllen clinic since the Texas law took effect offers some clues.

Texas doctors are performing about half as many abortions, but researchers have found that many women are still having them by traveling out of state or ordering abortion pills online. Abortions among Texas residents are down just 10%.

Zaena Zamora, executive director of the nonprofit Frontera Fund based in the Rio Grande Valley, said the organization helped 40 Texas women travel out of state for abortions in March alone.

“The request for aid has gone through the roof in the past few months,” she said.

A female physician fills in patients charts after administering medication abortions.

Dr. Blair Cushing fills in patients’ charts at the McAllen clinic. Since the strict Texas abortion law took effect last year, Cushing said, she’s had to turn away about 40% of the women seeking the procedure.

(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

The fund has an annual budget of $500,000 to cover travel and abortion costs, with grants averaging $1,500. But money is only part of the challenge.

“We had a caller who was taking care of her mother who was ill, she had three children, worked an hourly wage job,” Zamora said. “She was like, ‘I can’t leave my mother, I don’t have anybody to take care of my kids and I can’t tell my family why I’m going.’”

With travel often booked at the last minute, it’s not always easy to find a flight or an appointment for an abortion. Zamora said it’s hard to imagine how much harder it would get if half the country bans abortion.

“What’s going to happen, it terrifies me,” she said. “You’re forcing people to travel, forcing people into self-managed abortions, forcing people into pregnancies and further into poverty.”

The McAllen clinic, which also provides patients with birth control and testing for sexually transmitted diseases, may expand those services if Roe vs. Wade falls. If it is forced to close, the closest abortion clinic would probably be in Las Cruces, N.M., an 830-mile drive.

Cushing has been helping more patients whose ultrasounds show fetal cardiac activity make appointments there as well as in California, Colorado and Florida.

“Don’t even consider Oklahoma and Louisiana right now because they’re so backed up,” she tells patients.

More of them were heading to Mexico for misoprostol pills and suffering complications, she said, or injections of methotrexate, a drug that hasn’t been widely used in the U.S. since the 1960s and can cause birth defects if it fails to end a pregnancy.

Krystal had been pregnant once before, in 2020. She was eight weeks pregnant when she had a medication abortion at the McAllen clinic.

Much had changed since then. She now has a job as a supervisor at Target, earning $19.67 an hour, and recently she got health insurance.

A female doctor, left, discusses options with a female patient after an ultrasound confirmed her pregnancy.

Dr. Blair Cushing, left, discusses options with Krystal after an ultrasound confirmed her six-week pregnancy at the McAllen clinic. Krystal would later receive a medication abortion.

(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

Still, it was a struggle getting to her ultrasound appointment. When she asked supervisors for time off for a doctor’s appointment, they wanted to know why. Uncomfortable telling them, Krystal didn’t take time off, working around her appointments instead.

Worried that she had come to the clinic too late, she considered her options. None was very appealing.

Without a passport, she worried about what could happen if she got stopped while crossing the border to bring back abortion medication.

Last month, a Rio Grande Valley woman her age was accused of murder after seeking help at a local hospital for what authorities called a “self-induced” abortion after six weeks. She was jailed for several days until local officials — facing a national outcry from abortion rights activists — dropped the charges.

“Am I going to risk going to Mexico?” Krystal asked. “Do I risk having to go to the hospital? Do I risk having to get reported? Like, I might go to jail.”

Cushing’s assistant guided the ultrasound wand over Krystal’s belly.

“Based on your last period, we would be putting your pregnancy to exactly six weeks, zero days today,” the doctor finally reported. “Your ultrasound is matching up exactly with that.”

Most important, there was no fetal cardiac activity.

“So even with the changes in the law, you do still qualify,” Cushing explained.

Krystal nodded, relieved.

The next afternoon at the clinic, in an exam room with a “Keep Abortion Legal” sign on the wall, Krystal washed down a mifepristone pill with a glass of water. Then Cushing gave her instructions on how to take the next four pills at home. An abortion fund covered the cost.

“The next one’s got to be taken between 24 to 48 hours later, OK, so essentially same time tomorrow,” the doctor explained.

A woman wearing a mask stands on the street corner outside a clinic.

Krystal, 26, stands on the street corner outside Whole Woman’s Health of McAllen after taking medication to abort her six-week pregnancy.

(Gina Ferazzi / Los Angeles Times)

Krystal thanked her and headed for the door.

It was one of 26 abortions Cushing carried out during her most recent visit to the clinic. She had to turn two women away.

The first, a mother of four, said she planned to contact clinics out of state. The second, pregnant for the first time, was seven weeks and one day along.

“I can’t travel,” she told Cushing. “I have to keep it.”

More from ‘The Future of Abortion’

Notice Regarding Third-Party Advertisements

This is a cached database listing from another source and all content is created and provided by the advertiser who is solely responsible for such content including, without limitation, all text, images, contact information, and websites. We assume no responsibility or liability for such content or the content or operation of websites that you may link to and visit. We do not endorse, review, or control any websites that are linked to or from an advertisement. Please read more about us and review our terms of use and conditions for additional information about database listings appearing on our site.

Top 50 Reality TV Shows of All Time

1. The Ultimatum: Marry or Move On (2022– )

TV-MA | 60 min | Reality-TV

Get hitched or call it quits? Couples put their love to the test – while shacking up with other potential matches – in a provocative reality series. Stars: Vanessa Lachey, Nick Lachey, Madlyn Ballatori, April Marie

2. The Kardashians (2022– )

Follows the Kardashian family as they celebrate new ventures and navigate through their new normal; motherhood, relationships, and career goals. Stars: Kim Kardashian, Kourtney Kardashian, Khloé Kardashian, Kris Jenner

3. Keeping Up with the Kardashians (2006–2021)
TV-14 | 44 min | Drama, Family, Reality-TV

A peek inside the exploits and privileged private lives of the blended Kardashian-Jenner family, including sisters Kim, Kourtney, Khloé, Kendall and Kylie. Stars: Khloé Kardashian, Kim Kardashian, Kourtney Kardashian, Kris Jenner

4. Selling Sunset (2019– )

TV-MA | 30 min | Reality-TV

The elite real estate brokers at The Oppenheim Group sell the luxe life to affluent buyers in LA. The drama ramps up when a new agent joins the team. Stars: Mary Fitzgerald, Chrishell Stause, Christine Quinn, Heather Rae Young

5. RuPaul’s Drag Race (2009– )
TV-14 | 63 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV

RuPaul searches for America’s next drag superstar. Stars: RuPaul, Michelle Visage, Santino Rice, Ross Mathews

6. Is It Cake? (2022– )
TV-PG | 40 min | Reality-TV

Skilled cake artists create mouthwatering replicas of handbags, sewing machines and more in a mind-bending baking contest inspired by a popular meme. Stars: Mikey Day, Sam Cade, Andrew Fuller, Jonny Manganello

7. Survivor (2000– )
TV-PG | 60 min | Adventure, Game-Show, Reality-TV

A reality show where a group of contestants are stranded in a remote location with little more than the clothes on their back. The lone survivor of this contest takes home a million dollars. Stars: Jeff Probst, Lillian Morris, Jon Dalton, Rob Mariano

8. The Curse of Oak Island (2014– )
TV-PG | 60 min | Documentary, Reality-TV

Rick and Marty Lagina, two brothers from Michigan with a life-long interest in the mystery of Oak Island, renew efforts to discover the legendary treasure with sophisticated machinery. Stars: Robert Clotworthy, Marty Lagina, Rick Lagina, Charles Barkhouse

9. Married at First Sight (2014– )
TV-14 | 83 min | Reality-TV

A reality show that follows singles yearning for a life-long partnership as they agree to a provocative proposal: getting legally married to a stranger the moment they first meet. Stars: Pepper Schwartz, Calvin Roberson, Viviana Coles, Jessica Griffin

10. Below Deck (2013– )
TV-14 | 43 min | Reality-TV

Follows the crew of a multi million dollar charter boat in the Caribbean. Stars: Lee Rosbach, Kate Chastain, Eddie Lucas, Ben Robinson

11. Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (2014– )
TV-MA | 30 min | Comedy, History, News

Former Daily Show host and correspondent John Oliver brings his persona to this weekly news satire program. Stars: John Oliver, David Kaye, Ryan Barger, Noel MacNeal

12. Naked and Afraid (2013– )
TV-14 | 43 min | Adventure, Game-Show, Horror

Reality show where two strangers (typically 1 male, 1 female) try to survive in the wild for up to 21 days, naked. Stars: Michael Brown, Amanda Kaye, E.J. Snyder, Laura Zerra

13. Clarkson’s Farm (2021– )
TV-PG | 45 min | Documentary, Comedy, Reality-TV

Follow Jeremy Clarkson as he attempts to run a farm in the countryside. Stars: Jeremy Clarkson, Kaleb Cooper, Charlie Ireland, Gerald Cooper

14. Deadliest Catch (2005– )
TV-PG | 55 min | Documentary, Adventure, Reality-TV

A documentary series chronicling the real-life high-sea adventures of the Alaskan crab fishermen. This is the most deadly profession in the world. Stars: Mike Rowe, Sig Hansen, Keith Colburn, Jake Anderson

15. The Masked Singer (2019–2022)
TV-PG | 60 min | Game-Show, Music, Reality-TV

A singing competition guessing game based on Korean format King of Mask Singer. 12 celebrity performers wear costumes to conceal identities. One singer is eliminated each week and unmasked. Small hints are given for the viewer guess along. Stars: Jenny McCarthy Wahlberg, Ken Jeong, Nicole Scherzinger, Robin Thicke

16. Below Deck Mediterranean (2016– )

TV-14 | 43 min | Reality-TV

A reality show following the crew of the Ionian Princess, a luxury charter yacht in the Mediterranean. Stars: Sandy Yawn, Hannah Ferrier, Malia White, Colin Macy-O’Toole

17. Beyond the Edge (2022– )
60 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV

Features celebrities as contestants, competing in a battle of strategy, wits and muscle. Stars: Mauro Ranallo, Lauren Alaina, Ray Lewis, Craig Morgan

18. Ghost Adventures (2008– )
TV-PG | 45 min | Documentary, History, Reality-TV

Zak Bagans, Aaron Goodwin, Billy Tolley, and Jay Wasley investigate the scariest, most notorious, haunted places in the world. Stars: Zak Bagans, Aaron Goodwin, Billy Tolley, Jay Wasley

19. Too Hot to Handle (2020– )

TV-MA | 40 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV, Romance

On the shores of paradise, gorgeous singles meet and mingle. But there’s a twist. To win a $100,000 grand prize, they’ll have to give up sex. Stars: Desiree Burch, Carly Lawrence, Emily Miller, Chase de Moor

20. Top Gear (2002– )

TV-PG | 60 min | Adventure, Comedy, Reality-TV

The hosts talk about everything car-related. From new cars to how they’re fueled, this show has it all. Stars: Jeremy Clarkson, Richard Hammond, James May, The Stig

21. Drag Race España (2021– )

TV-14 | 66 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV

Spanish Drag superstar Supremme Deluxe presides as ten of Spain’s most talented queens compete to be crowned Spain’s first Drag Race Superstar. Stars: Carmen Farala, Sagittaria, Killer Queen, Supremme De Luxe

22. Love Is Blind (2020– )

TV-MA | 48 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV, Romance

Singles who want to be loved for who they are, rather than what they look like, have signed up for a less conventional approach to modern dating. Stars: Nick Lachey, Vanessa Lachey, Deepti Vempati, Shayne Jansen

23. Impractical Jokers (2011– )

TV-14 | 30 min | Comedy, Reality-TV

Q, Sal, Joe and Murr are real-life best friends who love challenging each other to the most outrageous dares and stunts ever caught on hidden camera. Stars: Brian Quinn, James Murray, Sal Vulcano, Joe Gatto

24. Freeze the Fear with Wim Hof (2022– )

Reality-TV

Features eight celebrities embarking on a once-in-a-lifetime epic adventure, under the training of extreme athlete Wim Hof, aka ‘The Iceman.’ The group undertakes challenges that will test them both physically and mentally. Stars: Wim Hof, Lee Mack, Holly Willoughby, Alfie Boe

25. Below Deck Down Under (2022– )

TV-14 | 43 min | Reality-TV

Explores the complex, often explosive dynamics of the crew and a rotating group of demanding charter guests on a yacht in northeastern Australia. Stars: Jason Chambers, Magda Ziomek, Aesha Scott, Ryan McKeown

26. 90 Day Fiancé (2014– )

TV-14 | 85 min | Reality-TV, Romance

Using a unique 90-day engagement visa, four women travel to the US to live with their American fiancés for the first time. Each couple has 90 days to wed before the visas expire and the women must return home. Stars: Natalie Podiakova, Mike Youngquist, Nicole Nafziger, Azan Tefou

27. The Great Pottery Throw Down (2015– )

TV-14 | 60 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV

Ten home potters from around the country head to Stoke-on-Trent, the home of pottery, in their quest to become Top Potter. Stars: Keith Brymer Jones, Richard Miller, Sara Cox, Kate Olivia Malone

28. The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills (2010– )

TV-14 | 44 min | Reality-TV

A reality series that follows some of the most affluent women in the country as they enjoy the lavish lifestyle that only Beverly Hills can provide. Stars: Kyle Richards, Adrienne Maloof, Camille Grammer, Lisa Vanderpump

29. The Great British Baking Show (2010– )

TV-PG | 60 min | Reality-TV

Bakers attempt three challenges each week trying to impress the judges enough to go through to the next round and eventually are crowned Britain’s best amateur baker. Stars: Paul Hollywood, Mary Berry, Mel Giedroyc, Sue Perkins

30. Temptation Island (2019– )

TV-14 | 42 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV

Couples travel to a tropical paradise where they are forced to decide if they’re ready to commit to one another for the rest of their lives. A reboot of the 2001 reality series. Stars: Mark L. Walberg, Toneata Morgan, Evan Smith, Ashley Howland

31. Judy Justice (2021– )

TV-14 | Reality-TV

Judge Judy Sheindlin presides over a new array of cases, litigants and judgments.Stars: Kevin Rasco, Judy Sheindlin, Whitney Kumar, Sarah Rose

32. Alone (2015– )

TV-14 | 44 min | Documentary, Game-Show, Reality-TV

Ten survival “experts” attempt to survive alone. The winner receives $500,000. Stars: Nicole Apelian, Brooke Whipple, Jesse Bosdell, Brad Richardson

33. Naked Attraction (2016– )

60 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV, Romance

A controversial dating series in which people see potential love interests whose naked bodies are gradually revealed to them. Then they must get naked themselves and choose. Stars: Anna Richardson, Sarah Jayne Snow, Melissa Edden, Brianna Jones

34. Married at First Sight Australia (2015– )

TV-14 | 42 min | Reality-TV

Eight singles (out of thousands of applicants), chosen by clinical physiologist John Aiken, neuropsychotherapist Dr. Trisha Stratford and psychologist Sabina Read, come to find themselves …Stars: Georgie Gardner, John Aiken, Mel Schilling, Alessandra Rampolla

35. MADtv (1995–2016)

TV-14 | 60 min | Comedy, Reality-TV, Talk-Show

A sketch comedy show based on the seminal Mad Magazine. Stars: Michael McDonald, Debra Wilson, Aries Spears, Bobby Lee

36. American Idol (2002– )

TV-PG | 42 min | Game-Show, Music, Reality-TV

Twelve American finalists (six men and six women) compete in a singing contest. Stars: Ryan Seacrest, Mark Thompson, Randy Jackson, Simon Cowell

37. The Challenge (1998– )

TV-14 | 60 min | Adventure, Game-Show, Reality-TV

Past members of “The Real World,” “Road Rules,” “Are You the One?,” first time cast members called ‘Fresh Meat,’ relatives of these members, and past members from other shows compete against each other for the chance to win a cash prize. Stars: T.J. Lavin, Chris ‘C.T.’ Tamburello, Johnny ‘Bananas’ Devenanzio, Aneesa Ferreira

38. Below Deck Sailing Yacht (2020– )

TV-14 | 43 min | Reality-TV

Capt. Glenn Shephard and his crew set sail in a luxury sailing yacht to explore the crystal-clear blue waters of the Ionian Sea. The physicality of working on a sailing yacht brings new … Stars: Glenn Shephard, Daisy Kelliher, Gary King, Colin Macrae

39. 90 Day Fiancé: Before the 90 Days (2017– )

TV-14 | 85 min | Documentary, Reality-TV

Couples who have applied for or received a K-1 visa “available uniquely to foreign fiancés of U.S. citizens”, have ninety days to arrange for and have the marriage ceremony. The visa is not to give time “to decide IF” they will marry. Stars: Darcey Silva, Usman Umar, Angela Deem, Jesse Meester

40. Hell’s Kitchen (2005– )

TV-14 | 42 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV

World renowned chef Gordon Ramsay puts aspiring young chefs through rigorous cooking challenges and dinner services at his restaurant in Hollywood, “Hell’s Kitchen”. Stars: Gordon Ramsay, Jean Philippe Susilovic, Scott Leibfried, Jason Thompson

41. Lizzo’s Watch Out for the Big Grrrls (2022– )

TV-14 | Reality-TV

Superstar Lizzo is on the hunt for confident, badass women to join her world tour, and only the most talented dancers will have what it takes to twerk it out on world stages with her and join in the ranks of the elite BIG GRRRLS. Stars: Lizzo, Jayla Sullivan, Sydney Bell, Charity Holloway

42. The French Chef (1962–1973)

TV-G | 30 min | Documentary, Short, Family

Julia Child teaches the art of French cooking. Star: Julia Child

43. Top Chef (2006– )

TV-14 | 44 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV

A reality competition show in which chefs compete against one another in culinary challenges and are a judged by a panel of food and wine experts, with one or more contestants eliminated each episode. Stars: Tom Colicchio, Padma Lakshmi, Gail Simmons, Richard Blais

44. RuPaul’s Drag Race All Stars (2012– )

TV-14 | 60 min | Game-Show, Reality-TV

New show will serve up a new twist on the mega-hit RuPaul’s Drag Race as it pits queens from previous seasons in a wig-to-wig drag battle royale. Stars: RuPaul, Michelle Visage, Carson Kressley, Ross Mathews

45. Judge Judy (1996–2021)

TV-G | 30 min | Short, Comedy, Crime

Judge Judy Sheindlin , a former judge from New York, tackles actual, small claims cases with her no-nonsense attitude in which damages of no more than $5,000 can be awarded. Stars: Petri Hawkins Byrd, Judy Sheindlin, Jerry Bishop, Bea Arthur

46. LOL: Last One Laughing Germany (2021– )

Comedy, Reality-TV

In this comedy-gameshow, ten German comedians try to be the last one laughing. Make your opponents laugh, while staying serious yourself. Stars: Anke Engelke, Max Giermann, Michael Herbig, Carolin Kebekus

47. Luxe Listings Sydney (2021– )

TV-14 | Reality-TV

The Sydney real estate market is hotter than ever, with demand for exclusive properties far outweighing the supply. Money never sleeps, and these real estate agents will stop at nothing to deliver the best results for their clients. Stars: D’Leanne Lewis, Simon Cohen, Gavin Rubinstein, Tammy Soglanich

48. The Secret of Skinwalker Ranch (2020– )

TV-PG | 42 min | Horror, Mystery, Reality-TV

A team of experts and scientists undertakes exhaustive research at Skinwalker Ranch, an infamous location for paranormal activity and UFO sightings. Stars: Travis Taylor, Bryant ‘Dragon’ Arnold, Brandon Fugal, Erik Bard

49. Get Organized with the Home Edit (2020– )

TV-PG | 30 min | Reality-TV

Organizers Clea Shearer and Joanna Teplin of The Home Edit conquer clutter and transform lives. Reese Witherspoon and Molly Sims coproduce. Stars: Clea Shearer, Joanna Teplin, Reese Witherspoon, Jordana Brewster

50. Jackass (2000–2007)

TV-MA | 535 min | Action, Comedy, Reality-TV

The cast performs various crazy stunts for our amusement. Stars: Johnny Knoxville, Bam Margera, Chris Pontius, Dave England

Bravo Series – The Real Housewives Of…

The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills (2010) (TV Series)

Kyle Richards as Self 245 episodes • 2010–2022
Adrienne Maloof as Self 96 episodes • 2010–2021
Camille Grammer as Self 148 episodes • 2010–2021
Lisa Vanderpump as Self 220 episodes • 2010–2021
Lisa Rinna as Self 160 episodes • 2014–2022
Mauricio Umansky as Self 162 episodes • 2010–2021
Erika Jayne as Self 136 episodes • 2015–2022
Ken Todd as Self 149 episodes • 2010–2021
Kim Richards as Self 154 episodes • 2010–2021
Dorit Kemsley as Self 112 episodes • 2016–2022
Brandi Glanville as Self 130 episodes • 2011–2021
Yolanda Hadid as Self 99 episodes • 2012–2021
Giggy Vanderpump as Self 90 episodes • 2010–2021
Portia Umansky as Self 93 episodes • 2010–2021
Eileen Davidson as Self 88 episodes • 2014–2021
Teddi Mellencamp Arroyave as Self 87 episodes • 2017–2021
Taylor Armstrong as Self 87 episodes • 2010–2020
Paul Kemsley as Self 71 episodes • 2016–2021

The Real Housewives of Orange County (2006) (TV Series)

Vicki Gunvalson as Self 267 episodes • 2006–2022
Tamra Judge as Self 269 episodes • 2007–2022
Shannon Storms Beador as Self 169 episodes • 2014–2022
Heather Dubrow as Self 161 episodes • 2012–2022
Eddie Judge as Self 143 episodes • 2011–2022
Briana Culberson as Self 133 episodes • 2006–2019
Kelly Dodd as Self 116 episodes • 2016–2022
Gretchen Rossi as Self 141 episodes • 2008–2022
Terry J. Dubrow as Self 119 episodes • 2012–2022
Alexis Bellino as Self 119 episodes • 2009–2020
Emily Simpson as Self 81 episodes • 2015–2022
Gina Kirschenheiter as Self 80 episodes • 2018–2022
Slade Smiley as Self 93 episodes • 2006–2017
Meghan King as Self 93 episodes • 2014–2022
Jeana Keough as Self…93 episodes • 2006–2022
Ryan Vieth as Self 87 episodes • 2007–2019
Sophie Beador as Self 88 episodes • 2014–2022
Michael Wolfsmith as Self 85 episodes • 2006–2019

The Real Housewives of New Jersey (2009) (TV Series)

Teresa Giudice as Self 221 episodes • 2009–2022
Melissa Gorga as Self 195 episodes • 2010–2022
Joe Gorga as Self 156 episodes • 2010–2022
Jacqueline Laurita as Self 128 episodes • 2009–2022
Dolores Catania as Self 117 episodes • 2009–2022
Joe Giudice as Self 128 episodes • 2009–2022
Gia Giudice as Self 119 episodes • 2009–2022
Milania Giudice as Self 117 episodes • 2009–2022
Caroline Manzo as Self 106 episodes • 2009–2022
Gabriella Giudice as Self 101 episodes • 2009–2022
Kathy Wakile as Self 105 episodes • 2010–2022
Chris Laurita as Self 97 episodes • 2009–2022
Margaret Josephs as Self 87 episodes • 2017–2022
Audriana Giudice as Self 89 episodes • 2010–2022
Jennifer Aydin as Self 71 episodes • 2018–2022
Jackie Goldschneider as Self 71 episodes • 2018–2022
Danielle Staub as Self 90 episodes • 2009–2022
Gino Gorga as Self 76 episodes • 2011–2022

The Real Housewives of New York City (2008) (TV Series)

Ramona Singer as Self 262 episodes • 2008–2021
Luann de Lesseps as Self 248 episodes • 2008–2021
Sonja Morgan as Self…232 episodes • 2010–2021
Bethenny Frankel as Self 170 episodes • 2008–2021
Dorinda Medley as Self 153 episodes • 2010–2021
Carole Radziwill as Self 144 episodes • 2012–2021
Heather Thomson as Self 87 episodes • 2012–2021
Tinsley Mortimer as Self 96 episodes • 2010–2021
Jill Zarin as Self 78 episodes • 2008–2021
Alex McCord as Self 64 episodes • 2008–2021
Kelly Bensimon as Self 57 episodes • 2009–2020
Simon van Kempen as Self 59 episodes • 2008–2021
Mario Singer as Self 59 episodes • 2008–2021
Kristen Taekman as Self 48 episodes • 2014–2020
Leah McSweeney as Self 45 episodes • 2020–2021
Aviva Drescher as Self 49 episodes • 2012–2021
Avery Singer as Self 45 episodes • 2008–2021

The Real Housewives of Miami (2011) (TV Series)

Adriana De Moura as Self 56 episodes • 2011–2022
Alexia Echevarria as Self 53 episodes • 2011–2022
Marysol Patton as Self 50 episodes • 2011–2022
Lisa Hochstein as Self 49 episodes • 2012–2022
Lea Black as Self 41 episodes • 2011–2013
Joanna Krupa as Self 34 episodes • 2012–2013
Leonard Hochstein as Self 24 episodes • 2012–2022
Larsa Pippen as Self 22 episodes • 2011–2022
Ana Quincoces as Self 22 episodes • 2012–2013
Frederic Marq as Self 22 episodes • 2011–2013
Romain Zago as Self 22 episodes • 2012–2013
Karent Sierra as Self 21 episodes • 2012–2013
Peter Rosello as Self 16 episodes • 2011–2022
Elsa Patton as Self 16 episodes • 2011–2013
Guerdy Abraira as Self 15 episodes • 2021–2022
Julia Lemigova as Self 15 episodes • 2021–2022
Nicole Martin as Self 15 episodes • 2021–2022
Marta Krupa as Self 15 episodes • 2012–2013

The Real Housewives of Atlanta (2008) (TV Series)

Kandi Burruss as Self 279 episodes • 2009–2022
Cynthia Bailey as Self 259 episodes • 2010–2022
NeNe Leakes as Self 230 episodes • 2008–2022
Porsha Williams as Self 209 episodes • 2012–2022
Kenya Moore as Self 197 episodes • 2012–2022
Phaedra Parks as Self 175 episodes • 2010–2022
Shereé Whitfield as Self 142 episodes • 2008–2022
Todd Tucker as Self…140 episodes • 2011–2022
Gregg Leakes as Self 121 episodes • 2008–2021
Peter A. Thomas as Self 115 episodes • 2010–2021
Marlo Hampton as Self 105 episodes • 2011–2022
Kim Zolciak-Biermann as Self 92 episodes • 2008–2021
Apollo Nida as Self 72 episodes • 2010–2021
Joyce Jones as Self 74 episodes • 2009–2021
Lauren Williams as Self 66 episodes • 2012–2021
Malorie Bailey as Self 73 episodes • 2010–2021
Shamea Morton as Self 68 episodes • 2012–2021
DonJuan Clark as Self 65 episodes • 2009–2021

The Real Housewives of Potomac (2016) (TV Series)

Gizelle Bryant as Self… 114 episodes • 2016–2021
Karen Huger as Self 114 episodes • 2016–2021
Robyn Dixon as Self 114 episodes • 2016–2021
Ashley Darby as Self 113 episodes • 2016–2021
Candiace Dillard as Self 88 episodes • 2018–2021
Monique Samuels as Self 93 episodes • 2017–2021
Ray Huger as Self 92 episodes • 2016–2021
Michael Darby as Self 91 episodes • 2016–2021
Chris Bassett as Self 78 episodes • 2018–2021
Chris Samuels as Self 63 episodes • 2017–2020
Juan Dixon as Self 70 episodes • 2016–2021
Charrisse Jackson Jordan as Self 79 episodes • 2016–2021
Wendy Osefo as Self 46 episodes • 2020–2021
Corey Dixon as Self 47 episodes • 2016–2021
Carter Dixon as Self 45 episodes • 2016–2021
Grace Bryant as Self 47 episodes • 2016–2021
Milani Samuels as Self 43 episodes • 2017–2020
Chris Samuels Jr. as Self 42 episodes • 2017–2020